Time to take the guns away

See updates through September 24, 2022, at end of post.

Fig. 1. “Hundreds of NYPD cops turned their backs when Mayor de Blasio spoke at the funeral for slain Officer Miosotis Familia.” Photograph by Todd Maisel, July 11, 2017, via the New York Daily News,[1] fair use.

Patrick Yoes, a national secretary of the Fraternal Order of Police insists, “We are public servants. We are not public enemies.”[2] Really? Police in the United States have been uniquely entrusted with a license to employ deadly force. It is amply evident that they are not accountable for this use and that they kill people pretty much whenever they feel like it.

We don’t even know how many people the police are killing or how many of them were unarmed.[3] And prosecutors seem to use grand juries, which otherwise would famously “indict a ham sandwich,” to get out of charging police.[4]

The abuse of power by police has gotten so bad that even some conservatives now recognize that that the problem is systemic[5]:

Darrin Manning’s unprovoked “stop and frisk” encounter with the Philadelphia police left him hospitalized with a ruptured testicle. Neykeyia Parker was violently dragged out of her car and aggressively arrested in front of her young child for “trespassing” at her own apartment complex in Houston. A Georgia toddler was burned when police threw a flash grenade into his playpen during a raid, and the manager of a Chicago tanning salon was confronted by a raiding police officer bellowing that he would kill her and her family, captured on the salon’s surveillance. An elderly man in Ohio was left in need of facial reconstructive surgery after police entered his home without a warrant to sort out a dispute about a trailer.

These stories are a small selection of recent police brutality reports, as police misconduct has become a fixture of the news cycle.[6]

Those are the beginning paragraphs, not on any of a number of anti-police sites that have recently become more prominent, but in an article written by Bonnie Kristian, published first on the American Conservative, and reprinted a few days later in the Imaginative Conservative.[7] In the National Review, Jim Geraghty blasted the killing of Eric Garner:

For starters, this is not the typical “one side claims X happened, the other side claims Y happened” dispute. The incident was caught on videotape. We can watch the chilling moment as Garner literally gasped, “I can’t breathe, I can’t breathe” as the cops were on top of him.

Secondly, the New York City medical examiner declared the victim’s death a homicide. Uh-oh.[8]

Also at the American Conservative, Jack Hunter implores conservatives inclined to deny that race is a factor in these killings to try actually listening to Blacks.[9] If all this isn’t enough, here’s the Cato Institute’s Police Misconduct site, where this capitalist libertarian think tank attempts to keep a record of all the reports of police abuse.

From my perspective, studying conservatism for my dissertation, all this is amazing. Astounding, in fact. Not because conservatives are usually implicitly racist (and sexist and, very often, classist), but because these conservatives are actually pointing to empirical evidence, which was about as low on the Richard Weaver’s ranking of types of knowledge as one could get.[10]

“Across this country, we seem to be under attack in the law enforcement profession,” Yoes said.[11] No shit, Sherlock. But when even “law and order” conservatives are saying maybe cops ought to stop killing people, maybe cops should be listening.

Instead, cops are being self-righteous, repeatedly turning their backs on New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio, whom they evidently blame for the killing of two New York City police officers. In fact, those two cops were killed by a terribly disturbed young man.[13]

But De Blasio, it seems, had said in a speech responding to protests following Eric Garner’s killing “that he and his wife, Chirlane McCray, had often been forced to engage in one of the most heartbreaking rituals of raising an African-American boy in this country: Delivering “the talk” to Dante, their teenage son.”[14] That is to say, they have repeatedly warned him that he must be more careful around police than a white boy would need to be. Such a “talk” seems only sensible. As Melissa Harris-Perry wrote in the aftermath of another killing,

Trayvon Martin was not innocent. He was guilty of being black in presumably restricted public space. For decades, Jim Crow laws made this crime statutory. They codified the spaces into which black bodies could not pass without encountering legal punishment. They made public blackness a punishable offense. The 1964 Civil Rights Act removed the legal barriers but not the social sanctions and potentially violent consequences of this “crime.” George Zimmerman’s slaying of Trayvon Martin—and the subsequent campaign to smear Martin—is the latest and most jarring reminder that it is often impossible for a black body to be innocent.[15]

This is a reality for Blacks in the United States that police, who claim to be “public servants,” refuse to hear. Instead, they sulk. They turn their backs. And they go on killing people.

When I was growing up, if a person abused a privilege, it was taken away. This is elementary to accountability. Instead, police are not only refusing to stop killing people, not only refusing to be held accountable for those killings, but demanding unconditional obedience—all at the point of a gun.[16] Jim Geraghty’s headline was “Every Once in a While, the Cop Isn’t the Good Guy in the Story.”[17] But this isn’t an “every once in a while” thing. It’s happening every day. The cops have become the bad guys and they must be disarmed.

Update, January 6, 2015: I had already written this posting, but Tom Tomorrow sums up most of it (figure 1[18]):

Fig. 1. Tom Tomorrow, January 6, 2015, fair use.

Update, April 22, 2021: A larger question in the aftermath of Derek Chauvin’s conviction for the murder of George Floyd[19] is whether politicians will go beyond symbolic gestures and follow through on what so far have been empty promises of police ‘reform,’[20] itself a woefully inadequate approach.[21] Too many people are calling this conviction ‘justice,’ when justice would mean that Floyd would still be alive and breathing;[22] that the systemic and blatant white supremacy in policing that killed him and so many others[23] had been abolished; that the economic injustice[24] and the systemic bigotry of the criminal injustice system that sends so many people, particularly of color,[25] into a largely ineffective but hugely damaging system of mass incarceration[26] had been remedied; and frankly, that reparations had been paid, not only to Blacks,[27] but really to all colonized people, defined in critical theory as all who are subject to the structural or overt, implicit or explicit violence of economic, political, military, or religious authority,[28] who pay with their lives in countless ways for the curtailment of their potential and the deprivation of their rights[29] so that the rich may be richer and the powerful more powerful.

Update, September 24, 2022: Count the Fraternal Order of Police’s rejection of Pittsburgh Mayor Ed Gainey‘s contract offer as further evidence of white supremacist gangsters’ unyielding rejection of accountability.[30] The FOP should properly be understood as a terrorist organization.

  1. [1]Graham Rayman, Jillian Jorgensen and Larry McShane, “Hundreds of NYPD cops turn backs to de Blasio in protest as he speaks at funeral for slain Officer Miosotis Familia,” New York Daily News, July 11, 2017, https://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/scores-nypd-cops-turn-backs-de-blasio-officer-funeral-article-1.3318292
  2. [2]Jonathan Lemire and Mike Balsamo, “NYPD officers turn their backs on Mayor de Blasio at cop’s funeral yet again,” Grio, January 4, 2015, http://thegrio.com/2015/01/04/nypd-turn-backs-mayor-de-blasio-again/
  3. [3]Eugene Robinson, “What America’s police departments don’t want you to know,” Washington Post, December 1, 2014, http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/eugene-robinson-its-a-crime-that-we-dont-know-how-many-people-police-shoot-to-death/2014/12/01/adedcb00-7998-11e4-b821-503cc7efed9e_story.html
  4. [4]Ben Casselman, “It’s Incredibly Rare For A Grand Jury To Do What Ferguson’s Just Did,” FiveThirtyEight, November 24, 2014, http://fivethirtyeight.com/datalab/ferguson-michael-brown-indictment-darren-wilson/
  5. [5]Bonnie Kristian, “Seven Reasons Police Brutality Is Systemic, Not Anecdotal,” American Conservative, July 2, 2014, http://www.theamericanconservative.com/seven-reasons-police-brutality-is-systematic-not-anecdotal/
  6. [6]Bonnie Kristian, “Seven Reasons Police Brutality Is Systemic, Not Anecdotal,” American Conservative, July 2, 2014, http://www.theamericanconservative.com/seven-reasons-police-brutality-is-systematic-not-anecdotal/
  7. [7]Bonnie Kristian, “Police Brutality Is Systemic, Not Anecdotal,” Imaginative Conservative, July 11, 2014, http://www.theimaginativeconservative.org/2014/07/police-brutality-systemic-anecdotal.html
  8. [8]Jim Geraghty to National Review Morning Jolt list, “Every Once in a While, the Cop Isn’t the Good Guy in the Story,” December 4, 2014, http://www.nationalreview.com/
  9. [9]Jack Hunter, “The Right’s Race Deafness,” American Conservative, December 31, 2014, http://www.theamericanconservative.com/articles/the-rights-race-deafness/
  10. [10]Sonja K. Foss, Karen A. Foss, and Robert Trapp, Contemporary Perspectives on Rhetoric, 3rd ed. (Long Grove, IL: Waveland, 2002).
  11. [12]
  12. [11][12]Jonathan Lemire and Mike Balsamo, “NYPD officers turn their backs on Mayor de Blasio at cop’s funeral yet again,” Grio, January 4, 2015, http://thegrio.com/2015/01/04/nypd-turn-backs-mayor-de-blasio-again/
  13. [13]Kim Barker, Mosi Secret, and Richard Fausset, “Many Identities of New York Officers’ Killer in a Life of Wrong Turns,” New York Times, January 2, 2015, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/03/nyregion/ismaaiyl-brinsleys-many-identities-fueled-life-of-wrong-turns.html; Jonathan Lemire and Mike Balsamo, “Police outside cop’s funeral turn their backs on Mayor de Blasio,” Grio, December 27, 2014, http://thegrio.com/2014/12/27/police-turn-backs-mayor-de-blasio/; Jonathan Lemire and Mike Balsamo, “NYPD officers turn their backs on Mayor de Blasio at cop’s funeral yet again,” Grio, January 4, 2015, http://thegrio.com/2015/01/04/nypd-turn-backs-mayor-de-blasio-again/; Blue Telusma, “NYPD turns back on Mayor de Blasio at cop killing press conference,” Grio, December 21, 2014, http://thegrio.com/2014/12/21/deblasio-cop-murder-turn-back/
  14. [14]Elias Isquith, “Black America’s pitiful allies: Why the Democratic Party needs to finally stand up on race,” Salon, December 5, 2014, http://www.salon.com/2014/12/05/black_americas_pitiful_allies_why_the_democratic_party_needs_to_finally_stand_up/
  15. [15]Melissa Harris-Perry, “Trayvon Martin: What It’s Like to Be a Problem,” Nation, March 28, 2012, http://www.thenation.com/article/167085/trayvon-martin-what-its-be-problem
  16. [16]Elias Isquith, “A scary culture change: What new law enforcement rhetoric reveals about America,” Salon, December 23, 2014, http://www.salon.com/2014/12/23/a_scary_culture_change_what_new_law_enforcement_rhetoric_reveals_about_america/
  17. [17]Jim Geraghty to National Review Morning Jolt list, “Every Once in a While, the Cop Isn’t the Good Guy in the Story,” December 4, 2014, http://www.nationalreview.com/
  18. [18]Tom Tomorrow, “Do Not Criticize the NYPD,” Nation, January 6, 2015, http://www.thenation.com/blog/194097/do-not-criticize-nypd
  19. [19]Kurtis Lee, “Derek Chauvin is guilty of murdering George Floyd,” Los Angeles Times, April 20, 2021, https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2021-04-20/jury-verdict-derek-chauvin-george-floyd-death
  20. [20]Arelis R. Hernández and Cleve R. Wootson, Jr., “Black Americans are buoyed by Chauvin conviction, but they worry it will blunt pace of reform,” Washington Post, April 20, 2021, https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2021/04/20/chauvin-verdict-black-americans/
  21. [21]Amanda Arnold, “What Exactly Does It Mean to Defund the Police?” Cut, June 12, 2020, https://www.thecut.com/2020/06/what-does-defund-the-police-mean-the-phrase-explained.html; Zak Cheney-Rice, “Why Police Abolition Is a Useful Framework — Even for Skeptics,” New York, June 15, 2020, https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2020/06/police-abolitionist-lessons-for-america.html
  22. [22]Jeet Heer, “How Not to Mourn George Floyd,” The Time of Monsters, April 21, 2021, https://jeetheer.substack.com/p/how-not-to-mourn-george-floyd
  23. [23]Mark Berman et al., “Protests spread over police shootings. Police promised reforms. Every year, they still shoot and kill nearly 1,000 people,” Washington Post, June 8, 2020, https://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/protests-spread-over-police-shootings-police-promised-reforms-every-year-they-still-shoot-nearly-1000-people/2020/06/08/5c204f0c-a67c-11ea-b473-04905b1af82b_story.html; Kyle Cheney, Sarah Ferris, and Laura Barrón-López, “‘Inside job’: House Dems ask if Capitol rioters had hidden help,” Politico, January 8, 2021, https://www.politico.com/news/2021/01/08/congress-democrats-capitol-riot-inside-job-456725; Tim Craig, “Proud Boys and Black Lives Matter activists clashed in a Florida suburb. Only one side was charged,” Washington Post, February 2, 2021, https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/florida-protest-bill-unequal-treatment/2021/02/01/415d1b02-6240-11eb-9061-07abcc1f9229_story.html; James Downie, “Time to toss the ‘bad apples’ excuse,” Washington Post, May 31, 2020, https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/05/31/time-toss-bad-apples-excuse/; Kimberly Kindy, Mark Berman, and Kim Bellware, “After Capitol riot, police chiefs work to root out officers with ties to extremist groups,” Washington Post, January 24, 2021, https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/police-capitol-riot-extremists/2021/01/24/16fdb2bc-5a7b-11eb-b8bd-ee36b1cd18bf_story.html; Maggie Koerth, “The Police’s Tepid Response To The Capitol Breach Wasn’t An Aberration,” FiveThirtyEight, January 7, 2021, https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/the-polices-tepid-response-to-the-capitol-breach-wasnt-an-aberration/; Kurtis Lee, Jaweed Kaleem, and Laura King, “‘White supremacy was on full display.’ Double standard seen in police response to riot at Capitol,” Los Angeles Times, January 7, 2021, https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2021-01-07/la-na-washington-capitol-police-attack-race; German Lopez, “Police officers are prosecuted for murder in less than 2 percent of fatal shootings,” Vox, April 2, 2021, https://www.vox.com/21497089/derek-chauvin-george-floyd-trial-police-prosecutions-black-lives-matter; Wesley Lowery, “Aren’t more white people than black people killed by police? Yes, but no,” Washington Post, July 11, 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-nation/wp/2016/07/11/arent-more-white-people-than-black-people-killed-by-police-yes-but-no/; Brentin Mock, “What New Research Says About Race and Police Shootings,” CityLab, August 6, 2019, https://www.citylab.com/equity/2019/08/police-officer-shootings-gun-violence-racial-bias-crime-data/595528/; Elie Mystal, “There’s Only One Possible Conclusion: White America Likes Its Killer Cops,” Nation, May 27, 2020, https://www.thenation.com/article/society/white-america-cops/; Jon Schuppe, “Police across U.S. respond to Derek Chauvin trial: ‘Our American way of policing is on trial,’” NBC News, April 15, 2021, https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/police-across-u-s-respond-derek-chauvin-trial-our-american-n1264224; Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, “How Do We Change America?” New Yorker, June 8, 2020, https://www.newyorker.com/news/our-columnists/how-do-we-change-america
  24. [24]Herbert J. Gans, The War Against the Poor (New York: Basic, 1995).
  25. [25]Steven E. Barkan, Criminology: A Sociological Understanding, 3rd ed. (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006); Jeffrey Reiman, The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison, 7th ed. (Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2004); Dan Simon, In Doubt (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, 2012).
  26. [26]Ernest Drucker, A Plague of Prisons (New York: New Press, 2011).
  27. [27]Ta-Nehisi Coates, “The Case for Reparations,” Atlantic, June 2014, https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/06/the-case-for-reparations/361631/
  28. [28]Norman K. Denzin, Yvonna S. Lincoln, and Linda Tuhiwai Smith, eds., Handbook of Critical and Indigenous Methodologies (Los Angeles: Sage, 2008); C. Wright Mills, The Power Elite (New York: Oxford University, 1956, repr. 2000).
  29. [29]David P. Barash and Charles P. Webel, Peace and Conflict Studies (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2002); Martha C. Nussbaum, Creating Capabilities (Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 2011).
  30. [30]David Benfell, “Time to take the guns away,” Not Housebroken, April 22, 2022, https://disunitedstates.org/2015/01/04/time-to-take-the-guns-away/; Rich Lord, “Big raises for disciplinary change? Gainey’s offer rejected by Pittsburgh police union,” Public Source, September 21, 2022, https://www.publicsource.org/pittsburgh-police-contract-arbitration-ed-gainey-raises-discipline/